Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
This is perhaps the most important amendment of all. It literally changed the way the United States operates.
Matatiele case: 'state acted irrationally'
Judgment in the cross boundary municipality case involving residents of Matatiele was reserved in the Constitutional Court on Tuesday.This was after nearly four hours of arguments, with lawyers representing residents arguing that the government had acted irrationally and that residents were not properly consulted."The court should find that the decision taken was not rational because it was taken before the [public] hearings," said advocate Glen Goddard.Challenging the constitutionality of the Thirteenth Amendment Act 2007 and the Cross-Boundary Amendment Act, Goddard said residents he represented were not adequately consulted."Parliament was not rational on passing the Act."By the time a public participation processes took place, a decision had already been taken."Residents were not properly consulted," he said.Goddard also contended that lawmakers failed to offer a legitimate reason justifying their relocation.But government lawyers disputed this, saying the amendment acts were passed in accordance with the Constitution and that residents were consulted."In papers before this court, it's clear that there was proper consultation. They [government] invited the public to participate... special notices and broadcasts were issued to alert people in that area," said advocate Jan Heunis.Another lawyer arguing on behalf of the state, advocate Vincent Maleka, SC, said it would have been unreasonable to consult residents separately."It couldn't have been possible to consult those affected separately because they were all affected by cross-border municipality issues so we submit that the applicant's argument is unfounded," said Maleka.During proceedings, two of the newly appointed Constitutional judges - Sisi Khampepe and Mogoeng Thomas Reetsang Mogoeng - never uttered a word, except when they took their oaths earlier in the day.But their colleague, Johan Froneman, actively participated by constantly asking the lawyers questions. - Sapa
I dont know what to think about this youtube video, perhaps a little to over-dramatic.